The base scheme for the Golden Gophers is the traditional Power O play. But instead of running it mostly from under center, Minnesota will often run it from a pistol or shotgun formation.
They also will run several variations of Power O: One-back Power, Two-back Power, and QB Power, for instance. For each of these plays, the blocking scheme is more or less the same, the difference usually comes in the backfield.
For instance, here's the one-back Power:
Inside Zone Read
The inside zone is a staple of the Gopher offense. It works well combined with power, but also produces a downhill running attack. In this case, Minnesota typically pairs it with a read for the QB.
What was evident above is that Minnesota likes to attack between the tackles. To hit the edge with a bit more speed, they bring the WRs in motion and hand the ball off on jet sweeps.
Fake Jet Sweep
As we've seen above, the jet sweep is often paired with another play, either an inside zone or potentially even a counter. In this way, the fake jet sweep can be used to essentially "block" the end man on the line of scrimmage, as that defender will be tasked with containing the sweeping WR.
The same can be done theoretically to run Power O, in the form of an inverted veer with jet motion.
Fake Jet Sweep Pass
And all this does not prevent the Gophers from passing the football. One problem many teams tend to do is over-rely on something like this in the run game without keeping defenses honest. Surely, a receiver is essentially taken out of the pass game other than for a dump off throw, but the defense must commit forward for two or three different run threats and they should be spread horizontally in the short zones.
This opens up things over the top.
Nothing Minnesota is doing is extremely complicated or innovative. What is it is a very simple theory that works together to attack defenses between the tackles, on the edge, and deep. There will be few intermediate throws from this team, but this very much simplifies the read for the QB, and forces defenses that are adapted for the heavier run game, to also need to have the speed to cover the whole area of the field. Having many guys carry the football keeps them all fresh, and if your RB is dynamic enough to be a good all-around player, this can prove to be difficult to defend the many options that are presented with similar personnel at all times.